Bad breath is a condition when a person has the smell of bad breath. This is caused by poor food, oral hygiene, or lifestyle.
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Symptoms of bad breath are usually accompanied by the appearance of signs or symptoms that occur in the mouth. These signs or symptoms include:
- Discomfort or sour taste in the mouth.
- Dry mouth.
- The tongue is white.
- Odor Causes
Bad breath can be caused by many things, such as:
Food. Onions, garlic, cheese, fish, spicy foods, orange juice, soda, and coffee can all cause bad breath. These foods will enter the bloodstream and carry to the kidneys, causing bad breath.
The remaining food. Food that remains in the mouth or gets stuck on teeth and braces can cause the growth of bacteria and plaque in the mouth. Bacteria and plaque in the mouth will then cause bad breath.
Dentures. Improper use of dentures or loose teeth can lead to infection. The infection that occurs can cause the breath to smell bad.
Smoking and consuming alcohol. Smoking and consuming alcohol can leave substances in the mouth. These substances will settle and cause the mouth to smell bad.
Poor oral hygiene. Rarely brushing your teeth can cause the leftovers in your mouth to rot, so your breath becomes smelly. Poor oral hygiene can also cause plaque and potentially trigger periodonitis.
Health condition. Health problems that the patient is experiencing can also cause bad breath or halitosis. These conditions include:
- Sore throat (pharyngitis)
- Lactose intolerance
- Liver disorders
- Kidney disorders
- GERD or acid reflux disease
Dry mouth. Saliva functions as a mouth cleaner and treats leftover food debris. When the mouth is dry, saliva production is reduced, so bad breath can appear. The mouth will dry out when a person is asleep so that the breath will smell bad in the morning. This condition is commonly called “morning breath”. Morning breath may worsen if the patient falls asleep with his mouth open. In addition, bad breath due to dry mouth can also occur when a person is fasting.
Drugs. Medicines that are currently being consumed can also cause bad breath. Antihistamines and diuretics are examples of drugs that have the side effect of dry mouth, which is one of the main causes of bad breath.
Pregnancy. Nausea and vomiting that commonly occur during pregnancy are one of the causes of bad breath in pregnant women. In addition, this condition can also be triggered by hormonal changes, dehydration, and high and varied appetite for food during pregnancy (cravings).
Diagnosis of Bad Breath (Halitosis)
If you often experience bad breath, it is recommended to consult a doctor. The doctor will check your condition through the breath you exhale, either from your mouth or nose. If needed, the doctor can take a saliva sample. This is intended to see if there are other diseases in the mouth, such as infections or disorders of the gums.
- See a doctor immediately if you experience symptoms, such as:
- Dry mouth that lasts a long time.
- Pain or difficulty when chewing or swallowing.
- Tooth ache.
- Mouth sores.
- Fever or tired quickly.
- There are white patches on the tonsils.
Odor Prevention and Treatment
- Bad breath medications can vary, depending on the cause. The following is a common prevention and treatment for bad breath:
- Pay attention to diet patterns and menus.
- Clean your mouth regularly. Maintain oral hygiene by regularly brushing your teeth. Also clean the tongue to remove bacteria on its surface.
- Get regular check-ups at the dentist, especially for those who put in dentures or braces.
- Quit smoking and consuming alcohol.
- Consume low-sugar gum or candy to prevent dry mouth.
- Drink more and eat foods that require a lot of chewing, such as apples and carrots.
- Use oral cleaning products.
- Chew mint or parsley leaves.
- Consult a doctor if bad breath is caused by other conditions. This was done so that patients get the right therapy.
- Consult with your doctor before using any medications, including supplements and herbal products.